Autism, or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), is a developmental disorder that causes impairments in communication, socialization, and restricted/repetitive interests or behaviors. People with autism have a difficult time understanding social cues and using social behaviors, and they have difficulty communicating using words or non-verbal behaviors. They also may have repetitive body movements, like hand-flapping, spinning/rocking their body, or looking at things out of the corner of their eye. Restricted interests can include preoccupation with certain topics or having things a certain way—like wanting to learn everything about vacuum cleaners or lining things up in a certain order.
Autism looks different for every person and affects everyone differently—that’s why it’s called “spectrum” of disorders. Autism can also look different in different cultures. While autism is a disorder that affects all populations and countries at the same rate, sometimes social behaviors vary from culture to culture. For example, eye contact expectations are different from country to country. Lack of eye contact can be a huge symptom of autism in the United States, whereas other cultures might not notice it as much.
Information taken from http://globalautismproject.org
About Asperger's Syndrome
Asperger Syndrome (AS) is a neurological condition. People who have AS are born with it, and have it for life, although as they mature they may gain new skills, outgrow some of their AS traits, or use their strengths to compensate for their areas of disability. AS is generally considered a form of autism, an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). AS is a “pervasive developmental disability.”
People with Asperger Syndrome usually experience:
- Difficulty knowing what to say or how to behave in social situations. Many have a tendency to say the “wrong thing.” They may appear awkward or rude, and unintentionally upset others.
- Trouble with “theory of mind,” that is, trouble perceiving the intentions or emotions of other people, due to a tendency to ignore or misinterpret such cues as facial expression, body language, and vocal intonation.
- Slower than average auditory, visual, or intellectual processing, which can contribute to difficulties keeping up in a range of social settings—a class, a soccer game, a party.
- Challenges with “executive functioning,” that is, organizing, initiating, analyzing, prioritizing, and completing tasks.
- A tendency to focus on the details of a given situation and miss the big picture.
- Intense, narrow, time-consuming personal interest(s) — sometimes eccentric in nature — that may result in social isolation, or interfere with the completion of everyday tasks. (On the other hand, some interests can lead to social connection and even careers. For example, there are children and adults with an encyclopedic knowledge of vacuum cleaners.)
- Inflexibility and resistance to change. Change may trigger anxiety, while familiar objects, settings, and routines offer reassurance. One result is difficulty transitioning from one activity to another: from one class to another, from work time to lunch, from talking to listening. Moving to a new school, new town, or new social role can be an enormous challenge.
- Feeling somehow different and disconnected from the rest of the world and not “fitting in”—sometimes called “wrong planet” syndrome.
- Extreme sensitivity—or relative insensitivity—to sights, sounds, smells, tastes, or textures. Many people outgrow these sensory issues at least to some extent as they mature.
- Vulnerability to stress, sometimes escalating to psychological or emotional problems including low self-esteem, depression, anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive behaviors.
More information on AANE's website.
SAPLANET ORIGINALS will be donating *partial or all proceeds (less shipping and paypal fees) made from the sale of the items listed in this page in support of Autism Awareness.
* The percentage will be stated on the item page.
We will be donating to different organizations that support Asperger's Syndrome Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder in raising awareness, and rendering community and social support to the people and family on the spectrum, as well as research efforts. Currently, we are supporting the following organizations:
Donation made (click image to view receipt, private financial details are blurred for security reasons) :